The question of what is periodontology is a question that occupies the agenda of people suffering from gum diseases. This branch briefly deals with the surrounding tissues of the teeth.

In periodontology, gum disease, generally refers to inflammation of the tissues around the teeth caused by different causes. Some queries are misplaced in digital environments such as “Does periodontology do implant?” or “Does periodontology have dental fillers?” However, this area is completely related to the treatment of gum disease.

The most common form of gum disease is gingivitis. This condition is characterized by inflammation in the gums. It is often associated with factors such as poor oral hygiene habits, irregular tooth brushing, and neglect of flossing. 

Symptoms of the disease include redness, swelling, and bleeding in the gums. The answer to the question “how to get rid of gingivitis” is also a comprehensive examination and the right treatment approach.

What are the Common Gum Diseases?

Apart from gingivitis, there are other common gum diseases. In cases where gingivitis is not treated, a more serious gum disease called periodontitis may be encountered. In this case, the gums are divided into deep pockets and bone loss may occur. 

Gingivitis vs periodontitis is often compared in this way. This problem can also cause serious damage to the tissues that support the teeth. The diseases listed below are common:

  • Chronic periodontitis
  • Gum recession
  • Gum enlargement
  • Necrotising gum diseases

Gum pockets are deepened spaces between the gums and teeth. These pockets can predispose to bacterial accumulation and infections. Gum pockets usually occur as a symptom of periodontitis. In addition, gingival recession is another important disease. It means that the tooth roots are exposed. 

The condition occurs as a result of recession of the gums and can cause sensitivity in the teeth. Tooth brushing technique, genetic factors, and aging play a role in the occurrence of this problem. 

What are the Causes of Gum Diseases?

Several factors cause gum diseases to occur. These factors include heavy smoking, genetic predisposition, hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause), and systemic diseases such as diabetes and stress. In addition, poor dental care, poor eating habits and insufficient attention to oral hygiene also predispose to the emergence of gum diseases. 

It is also known that some medications used can also cause gum problems. All these factors are issues on which dentists have reached a consensus. Patients must listen carefully to the warnings given by the gum specialist and take the necessary precautions. In this way, it is possible to prevent gum diseases.

What are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?

Symptoms of gum diseases vary according to the stage of the disease. In the first stage, redness, swelling, and bleeding can be seen in the gums. Symptoms such as bad breath (halitosis), gum recession, and loose teeth usually occur in the later stages. Symptoms detected at an early stage have a positive effect on the treatment process.

In addition, in some cases, discharge may be observed between the teeth and gums of the patient. In addition, incompatibility between the upper and lower teeth during biting and the difference in the condition of the existing prosthesis, if any, are also among the symptoms. It is important to remember that one of the most obvious symptoms is red gums and bleeding.

How Are Gum Diseases Treated?

Gum disease cure, ie periodontology treatment, can be carried out with early diagnosis and regular care. Mostly, surgical operation is not needed. The entire process varies from person to person depending on the severity and stage of the disease and the general health status of the individual. So, 

How to get rid of gum diseaes should be detailed for patients. First, they need to know what does gum disease look like. In the initial stage, professional dental cleaning is recommended to remove dental plaque and tartar. The dentist or periodontologist cleans the tooth surfaces using special instruments and removes the deposits accumulated in the gum pockets. 

Tartar is a deposit of hard minerals deposited on tooth surfaces. Scaling is considered an important step in the prevention and healing of dental and gum diseases. Tartar can be gently removed using ultrasonic instruments or hand tools. 

In some cases, antibiotics may be recommended for the treatment of gum disease. Antibiotics for gum infection can help heal tissue by controlling bacterial infections. It can be applied systemically or locally. 

In advanced gum diseases, surgical intervention may be required. These operations aim to clean gingival pockets, correct bone loss or reshape gum tissue. Subgingival curettage and gingivectomy are common examples of these procedures. 

In addition, root surface correction is also used in advanced cases. The answer to the question of how long periodontology treatment lasts varies according to the discomfort and the method used.

What Can Be Done to Prevent Gum Diseases?

The measures that can be taken to have healthy gums and oral structure are quite simple. First of all, the gum disease specialist, the periodontist, should be understood very well. Going to dental examinations regularly is perhaps the most important way to detect possible problems at an early stage. 

Correct and regular oral health care comes next. Brushing the teeth correctly at least twice a day prevents plaque and tartar accumulation to a great extent. At the same time, it is important to clean the debris between the teeth using dental floss to maintain gum health. 

Periodontology is closely related to dental hygiene. Although it is not emphasized much, a balanced diet also contributes to the prevention of gum diseases.

It is possible to prevent gum diseases by following these recommendations and making them a habit. However, when any symptoms are noticed, it is necessary to consult a specialist immediately. Istanbul Dental Center performs successful procedures in dentistry. Please contact us for gum disease treatment costs in Turkey, periodontology appointments, and more information.

How to recognize inflammation in the gums?

Healthy gums do not bleed when brushed. A pink-red color change in the saliva in the sink during tooth brushing is an important sign of inflammation in the gums.

Is there a relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease?

Microorganisms that cause periodontal disease and the harmful substances they secrete play an important role in diabetes. Scientific studies have shown that uncontrolled diabetic patients develop more periodontal disease than controlled diabetic patients with the same oral hygiene level.

Is gum disease a sign of cancer?

Symptoms such as bleeding and swelling in the gums, swelling in the neck and difficulty swallowing may be signs of cancer. However, a comprehensive examination is required to make this diagnosis. It cannot be said that every gum disease symptom is cancer.