Crooked teeth are a universal aesthetic problem that people of all ages can worry about. However, this problem is not only about appearance but also functionality.

When smiling or speaking, the proper alignment of the teeth positively affects the general appearance of the person. While orthodontic treatment removes crowded teeth and jaw incompatibility, it also provides functional benefits to the individual. By eliminating problems that are recognized early, tooth decay, gum diseases, and jaw joint complaints that may occur later are also prevented. 

What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of dental and jaw disorders. Orthodontists specializing in this field are dentists who specialize in jaw anomalies, crowding of teeth, and dental disorders. Orthodontic treatment can help prevent various health problems as well as aesthetic improvements.

What is Crowded Teeth?

Crowded teeth refer to a situation where the teeth are placed incorrectly instead of in a proper order. This can occur in different forms, such as gaps between teeth, crossed teeth, or teeth that are too close. This condition, also called crooked teeth or crooked teeth, is usually caused by genetic factors, problems in tooth structure, or problems with jaw development.

How is Crowded Tooth Treatment Performed?

Crooked teeth treatment is performed by a branch of dentistry called orthodontics. This treatment process usually includes various methods used to align the teeth properly. Braces are one of the most commonly used methods for correcting crowded teeth. Braces consist of wires and brackets attached to the teeth and are used for a certain period to bring the teeth to the desired position.

What are the Types of Braces?

Braces are used in the treatment of crowded teeth. They are produced with different materials and technologies. Traditional metal braces are an effective method that has been used for many years. 

However, there are also braces such as transparent aligners or porcelain brackets for individuals with aesthetic concerns. These types make the treatment process more comfortable and aesthetic and better fit into the daily lives of patients. Listed below are the types preferred in today’s dentistry:

  • Porcelain braces
  • Transparent plaques
  • Lingual braces
  • Metal braces

How Do Jaw Anomalies Occur?

Jaw anomalies occur as a result of incompatible development of the upper and lower jaw. This condition can develop due to different reasons such as genetic factors, injuries, traumas, or even the use of the wrong pacifier. Jaw anomalies can occur in different ways, such as over or under-development of the lower jaw forward or backward, problems in the jaw joint, or incompatible growth of the jaw bones.

How to Treat Jaw Anomalies?

Treatment of jaw anomalies involves a comprehensive process managed by a specialist orthodontist. The treatment aims to eliminate the incompatibilities in the patient’s jaw structure as much as possible. A comprehensive orthodontic treatment follows the steps detailed below:

1) Examination and Diagnosis

To effectively treat jaw anomalies, an examination and diagnostic process is first performed. At this stage, a detailed evaluation of the jaw structure is performed using X-ray images, digital scans and, if necessary, 3D imaging technologies. This allows the orthodontist to determine the type and severity of the jaw anomaly and the most appropriate strategy for treatment.

2) Treatment Plan

Following the diagnostic process, the orthodontist creates a customized treatment plan based on the individual needs of the patient and the characteristics of the jaw anomaly. This plan includes the appliances to be used, the estimated duration of the treatment process, and the expectations at each stage.

3) Use of Orthodontic Appliances

Orthodontic appliances commonly used for the correction of jaw anomalies include brackets, wires, clear aligners, and other special materials. These appliances aim to create a harmonious jaw structure by bringing the jaw bones into the correct position. During the treatment process, these appliances are adjusted at regular intervals and support changes in the jaw structures.

4) Surgical Intervention

In some cases, surgical intervention may be required in addition to orthodontic treatment. Surgical operations can help to correct the jaw structure, especially if there are severe mismatches in the jaw bones. Such interventions are usually planned as part of the treatment and performed by a specialist surgeon.

What is the Process After Orthodontic Treatment?

The first stage after orthodontic treatment is the retention stage. Here, special appliances used to maintain the new position of the teeth come into play. These appliances are usually divided into two main categories as fixed or removable. 

Fixed retention appliances consist of thin wires placed behind the teeth and are usually used for a certain period. Removable retention appliances can be in the form of specially made aligners or transparent splints and are usually used at night.

The post-orthodontic treatment process includes regular check-ups and visits requested by the dentist. During these examinations, the orthodontist evaluates the effectiveness of the retention appliances, makes adjustments if necessary, and checks the stability of the teeth. It is important that the patient complies with the treatment process and follows the instructions.

After treatment, it is important to pay special attention to the health of the teeth. Tooth brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-up appointments are critical to maintaining the corrected positions of the teeth. In addition, retention appliances should be kept clean and regularly maintained. You can contact Istanbul Dental Center to learn more about orthodontic treatment Turkey prices and the procedure.

Are lifestyle changes necessary after orthodontic treatment?

After orthodontic treatment, it is important to pay attention to dental health as well as regular care and check-ups, especially if retention appliances are used. It is also recommended to avoid hard or sticky foods.

Is it painful to treat crooked teeth?

It is normal to feel a slight pain or discomfort during the treatment process, but this is temporary. These discomforts can be alleviated with painkillers and cold compresses under the supervision and approval of the dentist.

How should tooth brushing be after treatment?

After treatment, it is important to follow regular tooth brushing, flossing, and other care steps recommended by the dentist. These habits help to maintain the health of the teeth and the results of the treatment in the long term.